Learning disabilities in basic math skills are just one type of specific learning disability. A learning disability in basic Math affects the learner's ability to perform basic mathematical operations. People with learning disabilities in basic math do not understand the relationship between numbers and the quantities they represent. Understanding math concepts and real-world math applications such as in telling time are also difficult for people with learning disabilities in basic math.
Many learning disabled students have persistent trouble "memorizing" basic number facts in all four operations, despite adequate understanding and great effort expended trying to do so. Instead of readily knowing that 5+7=12, or that 4x6=24, these children continue laboriously over years to count fingers, pencil marks or scribbled circles and seem unable to develop efficient memory strategies on their own.
Some learning disabled students have an excellent grasp of math concepts, but are inconsistent in calculating. They are reliably unreliable at paying attention to the operational sign, at borrowing or carrying appropriately, and at sequencing the steps in complex operations. These same students also may experience difficulty mastering basic number facts.